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  • Guo, S., Zhong, Y., & Hu, X.* (2024). Properties of AI-generated images that influence misinformation belief and correction efficacy. doi:

  • Yao, Z., Wei, J., Huang, G., Li, L., Liang, Z., Zhang, L., Wu, H., Yuan, T., Zhang, Z., & Hu, X.* (2024). Right frontal gamma transcranial alternating current stimulation modulates optimism biases. Research Square; doi:

  • Chen, D., Xia, T., Yao, Z., Zhang, L., & Hu, X.* (2023). Modulating social learning-induced evaluation updating during human sleep. bioRxiv 2023.12.11.571114; doi:

  • Xia, T., Chen, D., Zeng, S., Yao, Z., Liu, J., Qin, S., Paller, K.A., Torres-Platas, S.G., Antony, J.W., & Hu, X.* (2023). Aversive memories can be weakened during human sleep via the reactivation of positive interfering memories. doi:

  • Guo, S., Chen, D., & Hu, X.* (2023). How does an alternative explanation reduce the continued influence effect of misinformation? An ERP investigation. doi:

  • Varma, M. M.#, Zeng, S.#, Singh, L., Holmes, E. A., & Hu, X.* (2023). A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of experimental techniques in altering intrusive memories of lab-analogue trauma. doi:

  • Chen, D., Yao, Z., Liu, J., Wu, H., & Hu, X.* (2023). In-group Social Conformity Updates the Neural Representation of Facial Attractiveness. bioRxiv 2023.02.08.527779; doi:

  • In Press & Accepted

  • Yao, Z., Xia, T., Wei, J., Zhang, Z., Lin, X., Zhang, D., Qin, P., Ma, Y.*, Hu, X.,*. (Accepted). Reactivating Positive Personality Traits During Sleep Promotes Positive Self-Referential Processing. iScience.

  • Lin, X., Chen, D., Liu, J., Yao, Z., Xie, H., Anderson, M.*, & Hu, X.* (Accepted). Observing the suppression of individual aversive memories from conscious awareness. Cerebral Cortex.

  • 2023

  • Liu, J., Xia, T., Chen, D., Yao, Z., Zhu, M., Antony, J. W., Lee, T.M.*, & Hu, X.* (2023) Item-specific neural representations during human sleep support long-term memory. PLoS Biology 21(11): e3002399.

  • Yu, D. J., Recchia, F., Bernal, J. D., Yu, A. P., Fong, D. Y., Li, S. X., Chan, R.N., Hu, X., & Siu, P. M. (2023). Effectiveness of Exercise, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Pharmacotherapy on Improving Sleep in Adults with Chronic Insomnia: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. In Healthcare (Vol. 11, No. 15, p. 2207). MDPI.

  • Schäfer, S., Lüder, C., Porcheret, K., Hu, X., Margraf, J., Michael, T., … Zeng, S., … Sopp, R. (2023). To sleep or not to sleep, that is the question: A systematic review and meta-analysis on the effect of post-trauma sleep on intrusive memories of analog trauma. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 104359.

  • Xia, T., Antony, J., Paller, K.A., & Hu, X.* (2023) Targeted memory reactivation during sleep influences social bias as a function of slow-oscillation phase and delta power. Psychophysiology.

  • Varma, M. M.#, Chen, D.#, Lin, X., Aknin, L., & Hu, X.* (2023) Prosocial behavior promotes positive emotion during the COVID-19 pandemic. Emotion.

  • Xie, H., Lin, X., Hu, W., & Hu, X.* (2023). Emotion regulation promotes forgetting of negative social feedback: Behavioral and EEG evidence. [情緒調節促進負性社會反饋的遺忘——來自行為和腦電的證據] Acta Psychologica Sinica. 心理學報 [in Chinese]

  • Xia, T., Yao, Z., Guo, X., Liu, J., Chen, D., Liu, Q.*, Paller, K.A., & Hu, X.* (2023). Updating memories of unwanted emotions during human sleep. Current Biology. 33(2):309-320.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2022.12.004.

  • Jin, R., Xia, T., Gawronski, B., & Hu, X.* (2023). Attitudinal Effects of Stimulus Co-occurrence and Stimulus Relations: Sleep Supports Propositional Learning Via Memory Consolidation. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 14(1), 51-59.

  • 2022

  • Yu, A. P., Chin, E. C., Yu, D. J., Fong, D. Y., Cheng, C. P., Hu, X., ... & Siu, P. M.* (2022). Tai Chi versus conventional exercise for improving cognitive function in older adults: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Scientific reports, 12(1), 1-15.

  • Geng, H., Chen, J.*, Chuan-Peng, H., Jin, J., Chan, R. C., Li, Y., Hu, X., Zhang, R.* & Zhang, L. (2022). Promoting computational psychiatry in China. Nature Human Behaviour, 6(5), 615-617.

  • Li, S.#, Xie, H#., Zheng, Z., Chen, W., Feng, X., Hu, X., & Zhang, D.* (2022). The causal role of the bilateral ventrolateral prefrontal cortices on emotion regulation of social feedback. Human Brain Mapping.

  • Xie, H., Mo, L., Li, S., Liang, J., Hu, X.*, & Zhang, D.* (2022). Aberrant social feedback processing and its impact on memory, social evaluation, and decision-making among individuals with depressive symptoms. Journal of Affective Disorders.

  • 2021

  • Varma, M. M. & Hu, X.* (2021) Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories. Behaviour Research and Therapy.

  • Ling, J. #, Lin, X. #, Li, X., Chan, N., Zhang, J., Wing, Y., Hu, X.* , Li, S. X.* (2021). Neural response to rewards in youths with insomnia. Sleep.

  • Zeng, S. #, Lin, X. #, Wang, J., & Hu, X.* (2021). Sleep’s short-term memory preservation and long-term affect depotentiation effect in emotional memory consolidation: Behavioral and EEG evidence. Sleep.

  • Ling, J. #, Lin, X. #, Li, X., Chan, N., Zhang, J., Wing, Y., Hu, X.* , Li, S. X.* (2021). Altered brain activity related to inhibitory processing in youth with insomnia. Journal of Sleep Research .

  • Xie, H. , Hu, X., Mo, L. & Zhang, D.* . (2021) Forgetting positive social feedback is difficult: ERP evidence from a directed forgetting paradigm. Psychophysiology.

  • Yao, Z., Lin, X., & Hu, X.* (2021). Optimistic amnesia: How online and offline processing shape belief updating and memory biases in immediate and long-term optimism biases. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience.

  • 2020

  • Heycke, T.#,*, Aust, F.#, Banaji, M. R., Cone, J., Van Dessel, P., Ferguson, M., Hu, X. ... & De Houwer, J. (2020). Of Two Minds: A registered replication. Psychological Sciences.

  • Zeng, S., Lau, E. Y. Y., Li, S. X., & Hu, X.* (2020). Sleep differentially impacts involuntary intrusions and voluntary recognitions of lab‐analogue traumatic memories. Journal of Sleep Research, e13208.

  • Rigney, A. E., Schnyer, D. M., Hu, X., & Beer, J. S.* (2020). Mechanisms of a spotless self-image: Navigating negative, self-relevant feedback. Self and Identity, 1-20.

  • Dhammapeera, P., Hu, X., & Bergström, Z. M.* (2020). Imagining a false alibi impairs concealed memory detection with the autobiographical Implicit Association Test. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

  • Hu X.*, Cheng, L., Chiu, M., & Paller, K.A. (2020). Promoting memory consolidation during sleep: A meta-analysis of targeted memory reactivation. Psychological Bulletin, 146(3), 218-244.

  • Xie, H. , Chen, Y., Lin, Y., Hu, X.*, & Zhang, D. * (2020). Can’t Forget: Disruption of the right prefrontal cortex impairs voluntary forgetting in a recognition test, Memory, 28, 60-69,

  • 2015 ~ 2019

  • Lucas, H. D., Creery, J. D., Hu, X., & Paller, K. A. (2019). Grappling with implicit social bias: A perspective from memory research. Neuroscience.

  • Yuan, J., Hu, X., Chen, J., Bodenhausen, G. V., & Fu, S. (2019). One of us? how facial and symbolic cues to own-versus other-race membership influence access to perceptual awareness. Cognition, 184, 19-27.

  • Sai, L., Wu, H., Hu, X., & Fu, G. (2018). Telling a truth to deceive: Examining executive control and reward-related processes underlying interpersonal deception. Brain and cognition, 125, 149-156.

  • Gawronski, B., Rydell, R. J., De Hower, J., Brannon, S. M., Ye, Y., Vervliet, B., & Hu, X., (2018). Contextualized attitude change. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology.

  • Hu, X., Gawronski, B., & Balas, R. (2017). Propositional versus dual-process accounts of evaluative conditioning: II. The effectiveness of counter-conditioning and counter-instructions in changing implicit and explicit evaluations. Social Psychological and Personality Science.

  • Hu, X., Bergström, Z.M., Gagnepain, P., & Anderson, M.C. (2017). Suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unintended influences. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26, 197-206. doi: 10.1177/0963721417689881.

  • Yuan, J., Hu, X., Lu, Y., Bodenhausen, G. V., Fu, S. (2017). Invisible own- and other-race faces presented under continuous flash suppression produce affective response biases. Consciousness and Cognition, 48, 273-282.

  • Hu, X., Gawronski, B., & Balas, R. (2017). Propositional versus dual-process accounts of evaluative conditioning: I. The effects of co-occurrence and relational information on implicit and explicit evaluations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43, 17-32. doi: 10.1177/0146167216673351.

  • Gawronski, B., Balas, R., & Hu, X. (2016). What do I know about it versus how do I feel about it? A theoretical analysis of response processes in evaluative conditioning. Social Cognition, 34, 357-381. doi: 10.1521/soco.2016.34.5.357.

  • Lai, C. K., Skinner, A. L., Cooley, E., Murrar, S., Brauer, M., Devos, T., Calanchini, J., Xiao, Y. J., Pedram, C., Marshburn, C. K., Simon, S., Blanchar, J. C., Joy-Gaba, J. A., Conway, J., Redford, L., Klein, R. A., Roussos, G., Schellhaas, F. M. H., Burns, M., Hu, X., McLean, M. C., Axt, J. R., Asgari, S., Schmidt, K., Rubinstein, R., Marini, M., Rubichi, S., Shin, J. L., & Nosek, B. A. (2016). Reducing implicit racial preferences: II. Intervention effectiveness across time. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 1001-1016.

  • Sai, L., Lin, X., Rosenfeld, J. P., Sang, B., Hu, X., Fu, G. (2016). A novel, ERP-based concealed information test: Combining recognition- and feedback-evoked ERPs. Biological Psychology, 114, 13-22. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.11.011.

  • Hu, X., Antony, J. W., Creery, J. D., Vargas, I. M., Bodenhausen, G. V., & Paller, K. A. (2015). Unlearning implicit social biases during sleep. Science, 348, 1013-1015. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa3841.

  • Hu, X., Bergström, Z. M., Bodenhausen, G. V., & Rosenfeld, J. P. (2015). Suppressing unwanted autobiographical memories reduces their automatic influences: Evidence from electrophysiology and an implicit autobiographical memory test. Psychological Science, 26, 1098-1106. doi: 10.1177/0956797615575734.

  • Hu, X., Pornpattananangkul, N. & Nusslock, R. (2015). Executive control- and reward-related neural processes associated with the opportunity to engage in voluntary dishonest moral decision making. Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15, 475-491. doi: 10.3758/s13415-015-0336-9.

  • Gawronski, B., Hu, X., Rydell, R. J., Vervliet, B., & De Houwer, J. (2015). Generalization and contextualization in automatic evaluation revisited: A meta-analysis of successful and failed replications. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, e50-e64.

  • Pornpattananangkul, N., Hu, X., & Nusslock, R. (2015). Threat/reward-sensitivity and hypomanic-personality modulate cognitive-control and attentional neural processes to emotional stimuli. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 10. 1525-1536. doi:10.1093/scan/nsv042.

  • Hu, C., Huang, K., Hu, X., Liu, Y., Yuan, F., Wang, Q., Fu, G. (2015). Measuring the cognitive resources consumed per second for real-time lie-production and recollection: a dual-tasking paradigm. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00596.

  • BEFORE 2015

  • Wang, Q., Chen, G., Hu, C., Hu, X., & Fu, G. (2014). Implicit racial attitudes influence perceived emotional intensity on other-race faces. PLOS ONE, 9, e105946. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105946.

  • Sai, L., Lin, X., Hu, X., & Fu, G. (2014). Detecting concealed information using feedback related event-related brain potentials. Brain and Cognition, 90, 142-150. doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2014.06.012.

  • Dietrich, A. B., Hu, X., & Rosenfeld, J. P. (2014). The effects of sweep numbers per average and protocol type on the accuracy of the P300-based concealed information test. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 39, 67-73. doi: 10.1007/s10484-014-9244-y.

  • Rosenfeld, J. P., Hu, X., Labkovsky, E., Meixner, J. & Winograd, M.R. (2013). Review of recent studies and issues regarding the P300-based complex trial protocol for detection of concealed information. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 90, 118-134. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.08.012.

  • Hu, X., Pornpattananangkul, N., & Rosenfeld, J.P. (2013). N200 and P300 as orthogonal and integrable indicators of distinct awareness and recognition processes in memory detection. Psychophysiology, 50, 454-464. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12018.

  • Wu, H., Tang, P., Huang, X., Hu, X., & Luo, Y. (2013). Differentiating electrophysiological response to decrease and increase negative emotion regulation. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58, 1543-1550. doi: 10.1007/s11434-013-5746-x.

  • Hu, X., Evans, A., Wu, H., Lee, K., & Fu, G. (2013). An interfering dot-probe task facilitates the detection of mock crime memory in a reaction time (RT)-based concealed information test. Acta Psychologica, 142, 278-285.

  • Hu, X., Chen, H., & Fu, G. (2012). A repeated lie becomes a truth? The effect of intentional control and training on deception. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 488. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00488.

  • Rosenfeld, J.P., Hu, X., & Pederson, K. (2012). Deception awareness improves P300-based deception detection in concealed information tests. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 86, 114-121. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2012.06.007.

  • Hu, X., Rosenfeld, J. P., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2012). Combating automatic autobiographical associations: The effect of instruction and training in strategically concealing information in the autobiographical implicit association test. Psychological Science, 23, 1079-1085. doi: 10.1177/0956797612443834.

  • Hu, X., & Rosenfeld, J. P. (2012). Combining the P300-complex trial-based concealed information test and the reaction time-based autobiographical implicit association test in concealed memory detection. Psychophysiology, 49, 1090-1100. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01389.x.

  • Hu, X., Hegeman, D., Landry, E., & Rosenfeld, J. P. (2012). Increasing the number of irrelevant stimuli increases ability to detect countermeasures to the P300-based complex trial protocol for concealed information detection. Psychophysiology, 49, 85-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01286.x.

  • Hu, X., Wu, H., & Fu, G. (2011). Temporal course of executive control when lying to self- and other- referential information: An ERP study. Brain Research, 1369, 149-157. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.10.106.

  • Wu, H., Hu, X., & Fu, G. (2009). Does willingness affect the N2-P3 effect of deceptive and honest responses? Neuroscience Letter, 467, 63-66. doi: 10.1016/j.neurolet.2009.10.002.

  • Hu, X., Fu, G., & Shi, Z. (2009). Mirror neuron system (MNS): Retrospect and prospect. Advances in Psychological Science, 17, 118-125. [in Chinese].

  • Hu, X., & Fu, G. (2009). Event-related potentials in deception detection: A review. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 17, 194-196. [in Chinese].

  • Zhang, X., Xie, M., Hu, X., Ge, S., & Zheng, Q. (2006). Computer game addiction of the undergraduates and its influential factors. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 14, 150-152.[in Chinese].

  • Contact Us

    Social & Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory
    Room 6.80, 6/F,
    Jockey Club Tower, Centennial Campus,
    The University of Hong Kong,
    Hong Kong, S.A.R. China
    Dr. Xiaoqing Hu
    Associate Professor

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